18th CenturyAntique PrintsBotanicalBotanical / PlantsNatural History

Mark Catesby – Lacertus Ominum Maximus – The Alligator and the Mangrove Tree

Lacertus omnium maximus, Crocodilus: The Alligator from The Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands

“The Largeness, Strength, and terrible Appearance of this formidable Animal, occasioning to be to often observed and described, I conceive it less necessary to be so particular in its description as otherwise I should be in so remarkable a Creature…” 

Candela Americana, foliis Laurinis, flore tetrapetalo luteo, fructu angustiore: The Mangrove Tree.

18th Century Copperlate Engraving with Original Hand-coloring

Condition: There is a smudge in the plate by the alligator egg. Otherwise excellent.

The Natural History of Florida, Carolina and the Bahama Islands


Mark Catesby

March, 24, 1683 (Castle Hedingham, Essex) – December 23, 1749 (London)

Sizes vary slightly, but each measures around 39 X 54 cm

These extraordinary engravings come from the first published account of the wildlife of North America which was published in the middle of the 18th Century –before the American revolution –by the pioneering British natural historian Mark Catesby.

Mark Catesby was born in Essex, England on April 3, 1683. He studied Natural History in London, but in 1712 he took up the opportunity to visit the American colonies after his sister married Dr. William Cocke of Williamsburg, Virginia. Catesby spent the next seven years in Virginia, observing and sketching the local flora and fauna. It took some 20 years for the artist and naturalist to put together the two-hundred and twenty images which would comprise the final version of The Natural History of Florida, Carolina and the Bahama Islands (1747).  All of the images in the book were both drawn and engraved by Catesby’s own hand.

Reference:  University of Virginia On-Line Version of Catesby’s Natural History